Maintain Healthy Garden

Prevention is always better than cure. A well-maintained garden keeps away plant diseases, weeds and garden pests. A healthy garden is a good defence against plants diseases. Not only maintaining healthy garden prevents diseases but it also gives a desirable look to your garden landscape. Beautiful flowers, fresh fruits, and vegetables would be the outcome of a well-maintained garden. Let me give you some tips and tricks for how to maintain a healthy garden.

1: Watering:

Water is as essential for plants as it is for other creations of God. However, over watering kills plants. Water the plants as needed. It is not necessary to wet the leaves. Soaking the ground and roots is enough. Some people do watering at night which is extremely wrong. Watering at night invites plant diseases. Always water the plants in the morning to keep them hydrated.

2: Correct Fertilizer Application:

As mentioned above that over watering kills plants, likewise too much of fertilizing can also damage roots and lessen their ability to absorb water. This makes plants more sensitive and vulnerable to cold, heat and drought. Such plants cannot fight diseases. Only strong plants with sufficient nutrients are best fighters against harsh situations. The question here is how to determine the accurate level of nutrients (fertilizer) in your soil? You must go for a lab soil test so that overabundance of a particular nutrient cannot take place through over-fertilization. Remember, too much of one nutrient can also put stress on a plant.

3: Watch for Bugs and Insects:

According to renowned Melbourne based landscaper Andy Murray, from Andy Murray Landscape Design, make sure to do regular inspections of your garden to watch out for bugs and garden pests like Cucumber insects and Aphids. Keep on removing and destroying diseased plants. Small pests can be drowned by spraying the strong stream of water from the hosepipe. Insecticidal soaps and garden Fungicide are also helpful to kill bugs. For stubborn wild weeds, contact any professional to encounter them.

4:  Clean Out the Garden in autumn:

Autumn is the best time to clean out the garden to control diseases. It is important to remove dead leaves every fall. Diseases can easily be transferred from dead leaves (with spots) on the new leaves as they produce in spring. It is thus recommended to clean up the garden before new growth starts in spring.

5: Give Plants their Space:

When plants get proper nutrients, sunlight and moisture, they grow. And hence they need space for growth. Make sure to give every plant it’s enough space for getting all the essentials.

6: Good Garden Tools:

A garden cannot be maintained healthy without good quality garden tools. Wheelbarrows, pruners, mowers, forks, spades, hand trowel, shears, and rakes, etc. should be of high quality to keep any garden at its best state.

7: Place the Plants Appropriately:

If you give direct sun exposure to a shade-loving plant, it will not grow and invite disease. If plants do not like the atmosphere around them, they will be stressed out like humans. They will not be able to react with full strength to fight off infections and diseases if they are under stress. Thus, much emphasis should be given for appropriate plant zoning and placement.

Eucalyptus & Corymbia – Gum Trees including Koala Food Trees.

Eucalyptus Erythrocorys – or Illyarrie – or Red Cap Gum

This tree has the most wonderful bright yellow flowers that spring from red flower caps in Autumn. Both the flowers and the caps are colourful features of this tree. It’s a small to medium tree growing to around 8 metres high and 4 metres wide in good conditions. Illyarrie originates in Western Australia and as with many Australian plants prefers well drained soil and full sun.  It is ideally suited to dry areas but also fares well in sub-tropical climates. It has a white trunk and is tender to frosts when young

Corymbia Citriodora or Lemon Scented Gum. ( prev. Eucalyptus citriodora.)

The Lemon Scented Gum is quite large at around 30 metres high full size and even taller in ideal climates such as Queensland where it originates. It is a popular and widely planted tree in Australia and oversees and prized for its smooth ornamental light-grey or white trunk. Large specimens are often quite spectacular. The leaves give off a strong lemon scent when crushed hence the name and it has clusters of white flowers for long periods. Young plants require some protection from frost and the hard timber is sometimes used in construction. The Lemon Scented Gum makes a splendid feature tree that it is best suited to large gardens.


Kunzea & Hakea.

Hakea Laurina – Pin-cushion Hakea

An outstanding feature of this popular Australian native is its beautiful and unusual flowers. The pin-cushion like flower heads are red with prominent white, cream or pale pink styles and are around 5 centimetres across. They occur in Autumn and Winter which is a good time of year to have flowers in the garden as many plants don’t flower at this time. The plant has attractive blue-green leaves  that often curl adding interest.

This is another one of the more interesting Australian native shrubs and may be used as a feature plant in any garden. It is often used in Australia and oversees as a medium sized street tree and is a fast grower. It can grow into a rather large shrub or small tree in ideal conditions at around 6 metres high and is at home in most well drained soils. It much prefers a sunny site for good flowering and is attractive to birds and pollen seeking insects.

Kunzea Baxteri. or Scarlet Kunzea

This great Australian shrub has brilliant red oval bottlebrush type flowers with gold tips that occur in spring and summer and are extremely attractive. The flowers and fruits are very popular with birds and especially parrots. The leaves are small, soft, fine and an attractive bright green which enhance the beauty of the plant.

It’s an open spreading plant which will grow to around 3 metres tall and wide in ideal conditions and is one of the most floriferous of the Kunzea genus. It has proved very popular with gardeners over the years and is quite easy to grow.

Originating in Western Australia, this is a hardy shrub preferring well-drained soil and full sun or some shade. It may take several years to flower but in that time will grow into a generous size plant. Regular pruning will promote flowering and help to retain a desirable shape.

Banksia & Calothamnus

Calothamnus Quadrifidus  ( or One-Sided Callistemon or Common Net Bush.)

This is an extremely hardy and versatile plant. It flowers for long periods of the year through Summer and Spring showing interesting bright red flowers along the stems.  The attractive foliage is fine, neat and pine like providing shelter for small birds and contrasting beautifully with the flowers. This is a tough plant tolerating light frost, wind, coastal exposure and most soil types including wet areas. It is also suited to sloping sites and is probably the best known and hardiest of the Calothamnus genus.


Banksia Ericifolia

This East Coast Banksia is possibly the best of the species. It will tolerate almost any site or any free draining soil.  Its a beauty. But best of all it has huge orange flower spikes that reach 30cm long.  It’s a good screen plant, a great cut flower, is frost and salt resistant, is an interesting feature plant that will attract native birds to your garden and can grow to 5 metres high and 4 metres wide. Its got the lot

Banksia Spinulosa

This is another hardy East Cost Banksia which can grow quite compact  to around 2 metres high and wide but is sometimes larger in favorable conditions. It has large yellow to orange flower spikes growing to 18cm high which are very attractive to birds.  It is most useful as a screen plant, a cut flower, is salt resistant and is at home in most well drained soils.  It also makes an excellent feature plant in any garden.

Kangaroo Paws & Rockery Plants

Anigozanthos Manglesii – Red & Green Kangaroo Paw – Floral Emblem of Western Australia.

This Kangaroo Paw is the most unusual and possibly the most beautiful. In Spring it produces red flower stems with green flowers which are striking and can reach 1 metre tall. The strap-like green leaves grow to around 40cm and blend nicely with the flowers. This plant is ideal for rockeries and prefers a sandy well-drained soil. In Western Australia it often lives for several years though is widely considered to be a perennial on the East coast.

Lomandra longifolia – Mat Rush

This is another one of those extremely  versatile and hardy plants that will grow almost anywhere. On warm summer days the flower spikes produce an extremely fragrant perfume. The leaves are strap-like forming tussocks and growing from 30 to 70cm high. A native of most Australian states, Longifolia will accept waterlogged or dry soils, full sun or heavy shade, frost and tropical areas. It will also grow nicely in containers and as with many of the Lomandra genus, is an important stabilizing plant for river banks and streams. Use it as an ornamental grass in native gardens or  as a border along driveways and the blooms also look great in floral arrangements.

Westringia  Wynyabbi Gem

This is yet another one of those great Australian plants that is almost bullet proof in the garden. It’s a hybrid between Westringia fruticosa and Westringia eremicola and is a hardy plant in most situations. We acknowledge that it is grown and sold extensively throughout Australia but have chosen to include it in our range of plants because it is such a pleasant  and useful shrub to grow and have in the garden. It has lots of small mauve flowers along the stems for most of the year and grows to around 1.5 metres high and wide. It prefers full sun for best flowering and is at home in most soils, is salt resistant, is a good medium sized screening plant and is sometimes massed planted and used as a hedge. This attractive Australian plant is also at home in containers.